Recent research on primal worldviews demonstrates that people view the world in different ways. Some of us see the world as dangerous and declining, whereas others the world as safe and progressing. Some see the world as enticing and full of opportunities, while others see it as dull and barren. With funding from the Templeton Foundation, Dr. Edward Lemay will examine the implications of these beliefs for people’s interpersonal relationships, psychological well-being, goal pursuit, and performance at work. In a rigorous study using dyadic, longitudinal, behavioral observation, and experience sampling methods, Dr. Lemay will examine how these beliefs about the world shape social support processes, relationship satisfaction and commitment, conflict, and shared reality within romantic relationships. He will also collect data from participants’ social network members, including coworkers, to assess how these beliefs and relationship processes shape people’s functioning in their other close relationships and in the workplace. A third aim is to examine the role of interpersonal relationships in producing stability over time in these world beliefs, as well as contagion of these beliefs across relationship partners. Finally, he will develop an intervention to improve couples’ understanding and compassion regarding each other’s worldviews. This research is expected to reveal the important influence of worldviews for relationships, well-being, goal pursuit, and organizational behavior, which is largely overlooked in these literatures.