CAPER: Disparities research

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ADHD  |  Behavioral activation treatment |  Behavioral economics | Developmental science | Disparities research | Neuroimaging Nicotine Dependence |  Risk taking | Smoking cessation | Task Downloads

DESCRIPTION

Racial and ethnic minorities in the United States face numerous health disparities including differential patterns of substance use and a greater burden of negative consequences associated with substance use. Using experimental analogue methods and longitudinal designs, we are currently examining the impact of racism and racial/ethnic identity formation (e.g, racial/ethnic group attachment and awareness of racism) on risk taking propensity and trajectories of substance use and other health-related risk behaviors among racial and ethnic minority youth and young adults. Our research aims to identify distinct vulnerability factors in the emergence and progression of health-related risk behavior among health disparity populations, and has implications for intervention targets that are currently underutilized.

Disparities in access to evidence-based treatments encountered by racial and ethnic minority communities further contribute to health inequity. We aim to address treatment gaps through research that focuses on the availability, efficacy, and effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for substance use and co-occurring psychological conditions with underserved populations.

Our interest in disparate patterns of substance use extends to gender socialization as a socio-cultural determinant of risk. Specifically, we are interested in the extent to which feminine and masculine norms (e.g., beliefs, values, and expectations associated with gender) contribute to differential patterns of alcohol use and risky sexual behavior that have been observed among women and men.

Selected Grants

  1. Racial Discrimination and Risk Behavior among African American Young Adults.
  2. The Role of Feminine Norms on the Development of Binge drinking and Related Problems.
  3. Risk Taking Propensity among Asian American Young Adults.

 

Selected Publications

  1. Collado, A., Castillo, S. D., Maero, F., Lejuez, C. W., & MacPherson, L. (2014). Pilot of the Brief Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression in Latinos with limited English proficiency: Preliminary evaluation of efficacy and acceptability. Behavioral Therapy,45(1), 102-115.
    → Click here for the article.
  2. Daughters, S. B., Braun, A. R., Sargeant, M. N., Reynolds, E. K., Hopko, D. R., Blanco, C., & Lejuez, C. W. (2008). Effectiveness of a brief behavioral treatment for inner-city illicit drug users with elevated depressive symptoms: The Life Enhancement Treatment for Substance Use (LETS Act!). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry69(1), 122-129.
    → Click here for the article.
  3. Iwamoto, D. K., Corbin, W., & Fromme, K. (2010). Trajectory classes of heavy episodic drinking among Asian American college students. Addiction, 105, 1912-1920.
    → Click here for the article.
  4. Iwamoto, D. K., Corbin, W., Lejuez, C., & MacPherson, L. (2014). College men and problem drinking: The role of masculine norms and alcohol expectancies. Psychology of Men and Masculinity.
    → Click here for the article.